If you are now taking lessons, now is a good time to start familiarizing yourself with how the competitions work. Below is some articles that you may find useful.
Here is another article, but keep in mind the wording is changing form senior bronze (etc) to star 1 -10
Once a skater makes it to star 5, they can either stay in STAR skate stream or they can move to the competitive stream. Here is some informative information on the competition stream.
Here is an outline of the competition schedule for the season. Keep in mind many competitions only offer STAR 4 and higher.
Let me know if you have any questions, I am here to help!